DEMOCRACY

         Ancient Athens provided the first working model of democracy.  In Greek demos means "the people."  Every Athenian citizen (a group which excluded women, slaves, and free foreigners) could vote on city issues at the assembly of the people.  If you were an Athenian male at least eighteen years of age it was your sacred duty to participate in the Assembly.  This was a direct democracy, not a representative, because citizens voted in person.  Often the voting was done by each citizen placing a certain color of rock into a pot to vote "yes" and another color to vote "no."  Afterward the rocks were counted.  As Athens was the cultural trendsetter for much of Greece, most of the other city-states soon adopted the Athenian model of democracy.

READ ABOUT THE ILIAD

READ ABOUT HOMER THE POET

READ ABOUT GREEK CITY-STATES

READ ABOUT GREEK RELIGION

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ABOVE:  An Orator Addresses the Assembly of the People Before They Vote on a Matter