HERODOTUS (484 B.C. - 425 B.C.)

        Herodotus has been called the "father of history." He was the first writer that we know of who tried to find out exactly what happened in the past "so that what people did will be remembered later, so that the great and admirable monuments that the Greeks and the barbarians made would be famous, and, among other things, to write down the reasons why they had a war."
        When Herodotus was a child, the Greeks fought their legendary war against the Persian Empire and surprisingly won.  As an adult, Herodotus decided to go back and investigate exactly how the ragtag alliance of Athens and Sparta was able to defeat the most powerful force on the earth.
        Apart from his histories of the Persian Wars, Herodotus also visited exotic places (including Egypt, Africa and India) and wrote about the cultures he found there.  Truly, he was the first historian.

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The Battle of Marathon