Romans could be described as religious, but their worship went in many different directions. The Romans had appropriated, a fancy word for "stolen", the gods of the Greeks, changing their names to cement the fact that they were now officially Roman gods.
No one religious belief was enforced. Every Roman had his or her favorite god or goddess and directed prayers to that deity. Rome was filled with temples to various gods, and many feasts and festivals were held in their honor. In this manner Roman religion was all-inclusive, and the pantheon was always open to new additions. During the age of the Emperors, Julius Caesar and Caesar Augustus were deified after their deaths.
The intellectual set didn't accept the gods as they were presented in stories, but still believed in a higher power. Superstition might be a better word to describe many Roman's approach to religion. Astrology, the determining of future events by star sign, was a part of high culture. Dreams were taken as omens.
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|ABOVE: The Pantheon, a temple built to honor all the gods
BELOW: The Vestal Virgins performing their rituals